Whitesboro New Jersey was established in 1902 as a town exclusively for African Americans. It was created by force and not by choice as a formidable response to increasing white resistance to black residents in Cape May County, New Jersey. Reverend J. W. Fishburn, The African-American Equitable Industrial Association Founder, and four other members of Cape May City’s AME Zion Church purchased the land. They agreed that the self-help principles of Booker T. Washington would be the sole basis of economic productivity for the future Town. Congressman George H. White, for which the Town is named, and many Southern investors led the way in settling the Town of Whitesboro. The slow steady growth in population continued until the Great Depression. The town survived the financial downturn and continues to exist today with approximately 1,000 residents. The Town of Whitesboro exists today as an unincorporated town. The dynamic founders of the Town never achieved incorporation of the town. As such, it suffers economic, governmental, and sovereignty threats that are so devastating that it may perish before the end of the decade. Today a group of community leaders are fighting to preserve the history and culture of the town which is quickly being encroached upon by surrounding communities.
Incorporation through the New Jersey State Legislature is the only remedy to preserve the history of the town. Middle Township where Whitesboro is located and Cape May County appear not to have any sympathy for the creation of the town Whitesboro as they are marking up the town for redevelopment.
At the rate of speed in which outside governments are moving against Whitesboro, it is imperative that the New Jersey legislature act to “Save Whitesboro” through incorporation.